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Uneven Water Supply for West

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Tuesday, July 15, 2014

 

WASHINGTON, June 18, 2014 -- The final water supply forecast for this year shows the West divided into a wet north and dry south while snowpack has already melted in much of the region, according to data from the USDA National Water and Climate Center (NWCC).

Washington, most of Idaho, Montana, Wyoming and the northern parts of Colorado and Utah are expected to have near normal or above normal water supplies through the rest of summer, according to the forecasts. Far below normal streamflows are expected for the southern parts of Oregon and Utah, southwestern Idaho, California, Arizona, New Mexico and western Nevada.

Many of these areas are in the nearly 500 counties across the country experiencing drought, 57 of them in California alone, according to USDA disaster designations.

This year saw near-record low snowfall in parts of Nevada, California, Arizona, New Mexico and the southern parts of Utah and Oregon. Even with some May precipitation, those areas remain dry.  The biggest change this season was in the Washington Cascades. At the beginning of February the snowpack was about half of normal, but it recovered and most of Washington will have a near normal water supply from snowmelt, according to the Center. 

Spring snowmelt is well underway, according to NWCC hydrologist Cara McCarthy. “A lot of our SNOTEL sites have already melted out, especially those in the southern half of the West,” McCarthy said.

Colorado had mixed weather during May. “They had winter and summer all in one month: snowmelt, snowfall, snowmelt,” said McCarthy. Heavy precipitation combined with snowmelt, causing flooding in parts of the state.

Forecasters monitor conditions all year, but June is the final forecast of the season. “These are snow-based water supply forecasts,” McCarthy said. “Typically by July there won't be enough snow left on the ground (to measure).”

In Western states where snowmelt accounts for the majority of seasonal water supply, information about snowpack serves as an indicator of future water availability. Streamflow in the West consists largely of accumulated mountain snow that melts and flows into streams as temperatures warm into spring and summer. USDA scientists analyze the snowpack, air temperature, soil moisture and other measurements taken from remote sites to develop the water supply forecasts.

The NWCC water supply forecast is part of several USDA efforts to improve public awareness and mitigate the impacts of climate change, including drought and other extreme weather events. Through the creation of the National Drought Resilience Partnership, launched as part of the President’s Climate Action Plan, federal agencies are working closely with states, tribes and local government to develop a coordinated response to drought.

Since 1939, USDA has conducted snow surveys and issued regular water supply forecasts. View information by state.

Source: USDA


In dry years most Therophytes like
Asteriscus aquaticus are able to flower as very small plants and produce seeds that are able to survive evon more unfavourable seasons.

Green (Roof) Washing

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Wednesday, June 25, 2014

Baltimore (I-Newswire) June 25, 2014 - Baltimore, MD. Green Roof Service LLC - Green Roof Technology offers the most reliable and cost efficient vegetated roof solutions to meet all challenges of growing vegetation on impervious locations. With efficient and ingenious solutions Green Roof Service LLC - Green Roof Technology successfully designed and engineered multi-million square feet of green roofs across Europe and North America since 1980. Their custom tailored design is even installed on 5 Celebrity Cruise Ships sailing around the world under permanent changing climate conditions.

"I have seen everything", says Jorg Breuning CEO at Green Roof Service LLC, "but what currently happens in the United States can be devastating for an entire industry". Green Roof Service LLC receives weekly calls from clients with green roofs that are not performing as promised.
All of these underperforming green roofs are designed and installed with a lack of experience at any stage of a project or they were compromised in the engineering or construction process.

Especially permanent installed irrigation on extensive green roofs (shallow, light weight functional roof for stormwater retention) is causing increasingly problems with maintenance and operational costs. "Permanent irrigated extensive Green Roofs should not get any incentives from Government, State or Cities", suggests Jorg Breuning. "They don't reduce the stormwater issues of human settlements and they require high amounts of nutrients that can also pollute our water ways."

Irrigated extensive green roofs are often recommend with expensive pre-vegetated green roof systems that are delivered in metal or plastic boxes (often called trays or planters) and then simply placed on a rooftop. "With these solutions and additionally combined with irrigation, sustainability goes literally down the drain," warns Jorg Breuning, "this is green (roof) washing for quick bucks".

Green roof Service LLC - Green Roof Technology introduced low impact modern green roof technology to North America based on experience and common sense. Their clients truly manage environmental issues without using precious resources, at incredible low operational cost and without any risk of failure.

 

Single Source - Multiple Problems

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Friday, January 10, 2014

By: Jörg Breuning

2013 was another very successful year for green roofs and the green roof industry. However, at Green Roof Service LLC/Green Roof Technology we discovered a trend that might affect the industry in the long run. 

The quality of green roof installations didn't improve as much as the industry grew. We have received more calls about poorly installed or poorly functioning green roofs than ever before. Most of these (green) roofs were installed in the last two to three years and the lack of proper engineering and maintenance has caused issues. These issues are time consuming to fix, require replanting, and the installation of additional growing media or even a permanent irrigation system (even in a wet year like 2013!).

The majority of these under-performing green roofs were under a Single Source Warranty and so our first response was: "Go back to your warranty provider." For green roof owners, this was typically the start of a long odyssey. Odysseus never gave up- but with all the issues presented, my clients were quick to give up because the Single Source Warranties are well-phrased and manufacturers are more likely to argue than take action. Arguing with a piece of paper, written by attorneys, twisted and tweaked by companies' legal departments is an uphill battle. No wonder these numerous stranded people decide to call us.

If the client would have taken his money to the bank, rather than spending it on the warranty (typically $1-$3 per square foot) things could have been much easier and cheaper. On top of that, our costs for designing, engineering and overseeing the installation and maintenance would have saved additional money and no problems to start with.

 

In any construction process we are meticulous with our details, quality of materials, craftsmanship and maintenance. We also offer low bureaucratic, simple and efficient solutions to make your green roof last far beyond three decades. Our green roofs wouldn't need any artificial irrigation, and will prove to not cost as much initially, as well as having the potential to be paid back in less than seven years.

It is our goal for the future to support the growth of the green roof industry (and the plants), one by one making our clients happy. Only happy clients can help us - and the green roofing industry.

Green Roofs in Singapore

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Monday, December 23, 2013

By: Samantha Yurek

In Southeast Asia. one island-city is rising above the rest. Singapore has been working on a greening blueprint of the city since 1992. Their ultimate goal: to evolve into a city within a garden! With approximately 272 square miles and 4.6 million people, the biggest challenge faced is space.

 

With 148 acres of vegetated roof space, Singapore has already made it a priority to promote green space. Careful planning has helped to conserve 9% of their total land mass to parks and nature reserves. In 1986, only 36% of Singapore was green space, compared to almost 47% known today.

 

The Parkroyal Hotel, opened earlier this year, is covered in green roofs and walls. Totaling 15,000 square meters of green space all together.

The School of Art, Design and Media at the NanYang Technological University in Singapore sports a curving green roof, giving the building a sleek look. As buildings continue to green, Singapore will grow closer to their goal of becoming a garden with a city nestled inside rather than a city with a few gardens.

Many companies have been involved with the green in of Singapore. To name one, Verditecture LTD, has been in the building and construction industries since 2003. A partner of Optigreen, they have been focusing most of their time on skyrise greenery. 

Green Roof Collapse in Latvia

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Tuesday, November 26, 2013
By: Samantha Yurek

On Thursday November 21st 2013, an evolving green roof collapsed over top a Latvian supermarket. The market, open to the public at the time, was under construction because of a green roof and recreation area being installed for an adjacent residential building. The rooftop that buckled only covered one area of the market, however fifty-four people have been pronounced dead since Saturday and many more hospitalized. 



The cause, although not completely pinpointed has been blamed on the overall green roof construction. The additional weight on the structure by the various green roof materials and growing media could have been exacerbated by the recent rain events. A current investigation is underway to determine if proper precautions and guidelines were followed throughout the planning and construction processes. 



As explained in a previous blog post: The First Steps to Planning a Green Roof, checking the structural integrity of any building should always be the first step in the planning process. Not only should a green roof to have a long lifespan, it should also not put anyone in danger.  

One Size Fits All

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Wednesday, October 30, 2013

By: Samantha Yurek

Or does it?  We're not talking about baseball caps or a pair of mittens here. Green roofs are a living system that on their own should thrive heartily in the environment in which they reside. Not all green roofs are similar, nor should they be. Diverse climates call for various approaches in construction a green roof to handle precipitation efficiently. The vegetation for any green roof should reflect local climate and growing conditions.

Uniform systems will most likely work out fine, but depending on the region, may need constant maintenance to uphold the health of the green roof. At this point, the question is if the green roof is actually doing its job. A green roof is supposed to thrive naturally, as a part of the ecosystem. It defeats the purpose when an irrigation system is put in place or the green roof is over maintained to avoid natural diversity.

Each green roof should be unique in a way that works most efficiently for that particular location. Here at Green Roof Technology we strive to create a living space that will thrive under specific conditions. There should be very little need for additional time, effort and money once a green roof has been put in place.

Goodman's Norwegian Log House with Sloped Green Roof

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Wednesday, July 31, 2013

The Goodman’s authentic Norwegian log house and accompanying log cabin are located in Great Falls, Virginia.  Set deep in the woods of Fairfax County near the Potomac River, the Goodman’s enchanting home transports you back to a simpler time in the old country.  Both buildings were imported from Norway in 1971 and were reconstructed with authentic sod roofs.

By 2005 the guest cabin still retained its sod roof but the log house roof had been converted to terracotta tiles by a previous owner.   When the guest cabin’s roof started leaking in 2004, Mr. Goodman decided it was time to upgrade both roofs with modern green roof technology.  A sloped, single course, extensive green roof was installed on the log house and cabin in August 2005.  The goal of the new green roofs was to establish stable, natural looking vegetation with a high biodiversity that through successive change would mimic the surrounding forest.   

An upside-down green wall.  Parthenocissus quinquefolia, commonly known as Virginia creeper, has established well on the roof and now cascades from the roof, creating a beautiful ethereal green wall.

Herbicides in Green Roof Runoff Polluting Drinking Water

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Tuesday, July 23, 2013

The issue of root penetration is known to most in the green roofing industry.  The relatively complex world of roofing membrane compounds and organic chemistry has resulted in most green roof professionals defaulting to local instructional manuals, which default to FLL testing records.  But just because a material is effective does not mean it is not harmful, e.g. lead in paint.

In 1997, Bayer Aktiengesellschaft was the assignee of Patent US 5672568 A titled “Root growth inhibitors for building materials comprising monohydric alcohol esters of mecoprop.”   Root-resistant bitumen mixtures were soon marketed.

This past week the Berlin Senate’s Department for Urban Development and Environment and the Berlin State Office for Health and Social Affair published a series of recommendations for the prevention of environmental pollution due to the release of the herbicide Mecoprop from root-resistant bitumen membrane sheets. 

The statement reads:

Investigations at the Swiss Federal Institute for Water Resource and Conservation (EAWAG) on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) have shown that Mecoprop under natural weather exposure is released from the bitumen sheets and the precipitate is washed out.

Rain water contaminated with Mecoprop can pollute combined sewers or surface waters.  Due to the low rate of elimination in sewage treatment plants results in a particularly high risk potential.  In a decentralized rainwater infiltration system there is a risk of soil and groundwater contamination.   (Translated from the German)

The report goes on to make simple recommendations.  The first says the use of bituminous membranes impregnated with Mecoprop should not be used unless absolutely necessary for structural reasons.  Second, they should never be used in protected water areas.

Since the issuance of Patent US 5672568 A, there has been a series of scientific papers published reporting the leaching of biocides from bitumen waterproofing.  They can be found here, here and here

Green Roof Technology is against any use of herbicides in green roof construction or maintenance.  For more information on how to protect your building against root penetration without the use of poisonous herbicides please contact our office.  

Episcopal Academy Installs More Green Roofs

Green Team at Green Roof Technology, - Wednesday, July 10, 2013

On July 9th, three more small extensive green roofs were installed a top the Academy’s High School Building in Newtown Square, PA.  The High School has a number of glass walled hallways that look out over unsightly black rooftops.  The glass walled hallways provide a spectacular viewing area for the green roofs.  This year we covered almost three times as much roof area as we did last year, bring the Academy’s total green roof count to five.

Once again, Micah from Urban Ecoforms joined us to lend his experienced hand at installing green roofs.  From the picture below you can see that Micah was in rare form and simply thrilled to be freed from his recent solitary confinement atop his current project in West Philly.

While we were installing the green roofs, we could not help but stop and admire the incredible lushness of the green roofs we installed last summer, especially when last July was brutally hot and dry.  


Micah Shapiro (Urban Ecoforms) striking a pose with the beautiful Academy's quad in the background.  

Andrew after spreading the last of the Sedum cuttings.  Seen below is one of the green roofs we installed the previous summer.



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